EVEREST HISTORY

June 14th, 2009  | Published in History








 ‘Conquer’ is the wrong word to use in reference to Everest, say climbers who have witnessed the awful magnificience of the mountain known as Chomolungma to the Tibetans and Sagarmatha in Nepal. ‘You don’t conquer Mount Everest. The mountain allows you to climb her’, they say.

1841

Sir George Everest, Surveyor General of India from 1839 to 184, records the location of Everest.

1921

George Mallory makes first expedition to mountain; Northern route up mountain is established.

1924

George Mallary and Andrew Irvine attempt the summit using oxygen. They never return. George Mallry’s body was found only after 75 years later.

1953

Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay become the first people to reach the summit.

1959

India launches first Everest expedition. Team, led by Brig Gyan Singh, defeated by bad weather.

1965

India is fourth country to scale Everest after team led by M S Kohli put nine men on summit.

1975

Junko Tabei of Japan is the first woman to reach the summit via the South-East Ridge.

1984

Bachendri Pal survives an avalanche to become the first Indian woman to climb Mount Everest.

1993

Dicky Dolma of India becomes the youngest woman to summit Everest at the age of 19.

1996

15 die on Everest, the most in a single year. This includes great climbers Rob Hall and Scott Fischer.

1999

National Geographic Society revises Everest elevation to 8850m. Nepal doesn’t accept it.

2009

Apa Sherpa summits for a record 19th time on May 21. Nehru Institute of Mountaineering (NIM) team, Krushnaa Patil (second youngest Indian woman to summit Everest) summit on the same day.

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